Posted by Werner Vogt on  UTC 2017-07-02 12:50

Willy Sax: paintmaker and friend

When Winston Churchill visited Switzerland in the summer of 1946, various remarkable things happened. With his 'Let Europe Arise' speech, addressed to the academic youth of the world and delivered at the University of Zurich, the wartime Prime Minister and then Leader of the Opposition confirmed his position as a leader of thought. On the same day, Churchill invited Willy Sax to his hotel for a drink before dinner. Here was conversation more to Churchill's liking, for Sax was the Swiss owner of the small paint factory that supplied Churchill's needs. Churchill recognised that Sax had not only an excellent knowledge about the composition of his paints but also about mixing and painting techniques.

Out of this informal conversation developed a friendship that lasted nearly twenty years; Sax died less than a year before Churchill. Philipp Gut, who is a deputy editor of the staunchly Conservative magazine Die Weltwoche and a historian by training, gives a detailed account of Sax's numerous journeys to Chartwell as well as to the South of France, whither Sax was repeatedly invited when Churchill went there for painting holidays.

Passion for Painting: The Art of Sir Winston Churchill

Unfortunately, Churchill's paintings have disappeared onto the walls of private collectors and museums (kerrching!), so it is almost impossible to show here any of his paintings without risking a boring correspondence with expensive lawyers. We complained about a similar state of affairs with the Swiss graphic artist, Hans Erni. [Ed. FoS] Image: Passion for Painting: The Art of Sir Winston Churchill, Rosalind Sallenger Richardson Center for the Arts, May 17- September 16, 2017, Wofford College, Spartanburg, S.C. USA.

It would not be fair to call the amity that evolved between Churchill and Sax a mere 'functional' friendship. Too deep was Churchill's appreciation for Sax, his wife and daughters, and above all for some of the fine Swiss painters, which Sax brought along on some of his visits with Churchill. One such was Cuno Amiet, one of the greatest Swiss painters of the twentieth century. When embarking on the journey to Chartwell, Amiet – an octogenarian who was not prone to strong drink – had his first whisky on the ferry to Dover just to make sure that he would be ready for the challenge if need should arise.

C'est beau, mais c'est faux

Gut proves to be a good raconteur of lovely anecdotes. Amiet, we learn, did not mince his words when confronted with Churchill's paintings. When asked on one occasion in Southern France to comment on a particular canvas by Churchill, Aimet – conversing in French because Sax's conversational English was insufficient – said: 'C'est beau, mais c'est faux' (It's beautiful, but wrong). Churchill took some time – and lunch – to digest the blow and eventually answered in his inimitable way: 'You are right, Mr. Amiet, my truth is wrong, and your error is right.'

Cuno Amiet, Landscape with the Jura Mountains, 1924

Cuno Amiet (1868-1961), Landscape with the Jura Mountains, 1924. Image: © Estate of Cuno Amiet, Tate Gallery.

Gut's narrative is based on Sax's diary and correspondence with Churchill still in the family archives. He was helped as well by a booklet Sax's daughter Maya compiled twenty years ago, which contained the main facts about the Churchill-Sax relationship, albeit in an amateur narrative. The result is a beautiful tale about a friendship founded in the sunset of two men's lives. The simple tale of the Swiss entrepreneur enjoying excellent food and drink in abundance, discussing everything from strokes (Churchill), heart attacks (Sax), politics, and—above all—art, is a beautiful story.

Willy Sax: the invisible man

There is, however, a huge discrepancy in the author's treatment of Churchill and Sax. The reader learns nothing new about Churchill's career, but the main facts are covered in sufficient detail. Yet on Willy Sax we learn surprisingly little. There is, of course, his date of birth and the mentioning of his hobbies: Sax was a talented musician (violin, piano, accordion) who even played in the Tonhalle orchestra in Zurich – the equivalent of London's Royal Albert Hall or St. Martin-in-the-Fields. We learn also that Sax was a keen fisherman, who caught his fair share of pike and trout in the rivers near his home.

What we do not learn about Sax from Gut's book are answers to questions like: How did his family business develop under his leadership? Where was he educated? When, where, and how did he take on Churchill as a client? Most importantly, why did Gut not reveal that Sax was not so apolitical as claimed in Maya Sax's booklet? Sax was in fact a National Front candidate in his hometown of Dietikon in 1934. He finished far behind the winners, but, at thirty-six, he was hardly an innocent. The National Front in Switzerland was a far-right movement, which was not so extreme or – as we now know – so dangerous as the Nazis in Germany. Nevertheless, the 'Frontists,' as they were called, were by no means harmless. They were anti-Socialist, anti-liberal, and – above all – anti-Semitic. Some of their activists did condone and perpetrate political violence.

The behaviour of Sax could be explained as the foolish actions of someone with no gift for politics, but, unfortunately, this is not covered in the book. Painting the full picture of Sax's pre-Churchill life rather than just a sketch would have made Gut's book stronger and more honest.

Philipp Gut, Champagner mit Churchill, 2015

Philipp Gut, Champagner mit Churchill: Der Zürcher Farbenfabrikant Willy Sax und der malende Premierminister, Stämpfli Verlag, 2015, 176 pages, EUR/CHF 39.00. ISBN 978–3727214554.

This review was written by Dr. Werner Vogt, the author of Winston Churchill und die Schweiz: Vom Monte Rosa zum Triumphzug durch Zürich, NZZ Libro, 2., überarbeitete Auflage, 2017, ISBN 978-3-03810-268-7.

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